Gastrointestinal Surgery


Gastrointestinal surgery is the branch of surgery that intervenes to treat or improve the prognosis of pathologies affecting one or more organs of the digestive system.


What does a gastrointestinal surgeon do?

A gastrointestinal surgeon is a specialist in surgical matters carried out on the organs of the digestive system with the aim to treat or improve the prognosis of these pathologies.



What diseases are treated by a gastrointestinal surgeon?

The procedures used by the surgeon include endoscopic examinations such as gastroscopy, esophagogastroduodenoscopy, colonoscopy, and sigmoidoscopy, that allow for the internal evaluation of the organs and possible diseases. The surgeon may also conduct examinations such as X-rays of the digestive tract, barium enema, CT, and MRI. Through endoscopic examinations the surgeon can remove small samples of tissue to be analyzed histologically, and conduct minor surgeries such as laparoscopy to remove polyps. For major open surgeries the laparotomy method is used.